What is energy?

Question 1 options:

a) energy is force per unit area | |

b) energy is pressure times distance | |

c) energy is force times displacement | |

d) energy is heat delivered per unit time |

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When an automobile stops for a stoplight, its kinetic energy

Question 2 options:

a) is converted to thermal energy. | |

b) completely disappears. | |

c) is transferred to the pavement. | |

d) is stored in the automobile’s battery. |

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An object of mass 10 kg falls from the top of a building 10 m high and lands on the ground below. How much work was done by the force of gravity?

Question 3 options:

a) 0 J | |

b) 98 J | |

c) 100 J | |

d) 980 J |

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At our present rate of use, the estimated total remaining recoverable petroleum of the U.S. would supply our needs for about ________ years.

Question 4 options:

a) 72 | |

b) 48 | |

c) 20 | |

d) 8 |

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The U.S. is using liquid petroleum at a rate of about

Question 5 options:

a) 20 million gallons per day | |

b) 20 million barrels per day | |

c) 20 million barrels per week | |

d) 20 million gallons per week |

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A reasonable estimate for Q_infinity(petroleum) for the world is

Question 6 options:

105 million gallons | |

105 billions gallons | |

105 trillion gallons | |

105 quadrillion gallons |

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The total annual energy consumption in the U.S. is about _______ QBtu, and this is about ______ tons of coal per year for each person in the U.S.

Question 7 options:

a) 80, 13 | |

b) 800, 130 | |

c) 8000, 1.4 | |

d) 98, 13 |

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The estimated total minable coal in the United States is about

Question 8 options:

a) 275 billion tons | |

b) 500 million tons | |

c) 500 billion tons | |

d) 1.5 trillion tons |

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If you burned 10 pounds of coal to release the heat, how many pounds of wood would your friend have to burn to release the same amount?

Question 9 options:

a) 10 lbs | |

b) 12.75 lbs | |

c) 16.25 lbs | |

d) 8.0 lbs |

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How many Btu’s are there in one kilowatt-hour?

Question 10 options:

a) 4220 | |

b) 3413 | |

c) 2110 | |

d) 1055 |

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A horizontal force of 80 pounds is exerted on a box which moves the box 10 feet across a horizontal floor in 5 seconds. What is the power generated by this force?

Question 11 options:

a) 0.66 hp | |

b) 0.51 hp | |

c) 0.34 hp | |

d) 0.29 hp |

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In the U.S. we currently import more than _______ of the oil that we consume.

Question 12 options:

a) 10% | |

b) 50% | |

c) 33% | |

d) 66% |

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What is a reasonable number for the years remaining until the world’s oil supply is completely depleted?

Question 13 options:

a) 10 | |

b) 50 | |

c) 100 | |

d) 200 |

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What is coal, mostly? And which type gives off the most heat when burned?

Question 14 options:

a) carbon, bituminous | |

b) carbon, anthracite | |

c) hydrocarbons, lignite | |

d) hydrocarbons, subbituminous |

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Approximately how much coal is produced each year in the U.S.?

Question 15 options:

a) 1 million tons | |

b) 1 billion tons | |

c) 1 trillion tons | |

d) 2 quadrillion tons |

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When a magnet is moved within or near a conducting coil an electrical current is induced in the coil of wire. Who discovered this?

Question 16 options:

a) Franklin | |

b) Edison | |

c) Maxwell | |

d) Faraday |

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Your house foundation and ground floor is made up of 1000 cubic feet of concrete. About how many Btu are required to raise the temperature of the foundation and floor by 25 degrees F? Given: 22 Btu per cubic feed per degreee F for concrete.

Question 17 options:

a) 55,000 Btu | |

b) 220,000 Btu | |

c) 250,000 Btu | |

d) 550,000 Btu |

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What is the typical voltage output of an individual solar cell?

Question 18 options:

a) 0.5 volt | |

b) 5 volt | |

c) 9 volt | |

d) 24 volts |

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Hydroelectric power in the U.S. currently represents about _______% of the total U.S. electricity.

Question 19 options:

40 | |

1 | |

7 | |

less than 1 |

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A windmill system which produces 6 kW of electrical power when the wind is blowing 5 m/s will produce _______ kilowatts when the wind is blowing 10 m/s?

Question 20 options:

a) 72 | |

b) 36 | |

c) 48 | |

d) 12 |

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